Biases are always with us - and biases aren’t always a bad thing. They’re not diseases to be cured, but they must be acknowledged and dealt with when making decisions.
Your biases are a result of your experiences. Some of those experiences are your own, and some are second-hand (you witnessed or heard about something someone else experienced) but either way your biases were developed to help you cope in the future with what you experienced in the past.
That said, your biases might be awful. They might impede your objectives rather than help you achieve them.
Recognizing your biases is the first step towards dealing with them… So let’s start by looking at the different kinds of biases:
This is a blanket term for any bias that you have that impacts your judgement (which is all of your biases). When you’re accused of cognitive bias, you’re being accused of not sticking to the facts. This of course implies that facts are absolute, which is of course rubbish.
This bias is where you only value information that fits what you already believe and you dismiss anything else. Any other information, no matter how historically, scientifically and logically valid, will be disregarded.
This bias describes how you value the information that you recieve more frequency over information that you receive less frequently. The messages that you hear repeatedly, regardless of their source or reasonableness, supplant the messages that are not repeatedly reinforced.